The Evolution of Home Telephones

by Jeremiah on October 29, 2012

Ever since Alexander Graham Bell invented the first telephone (patented in 1876) telephones have been increasingly commonplace in homes across the globe. Today mobile phone technology has been making leaps and bounds in technological developments, 3G mobile networks, internet access anywhere, touch screen smart phone, etc. It has largely left home telephony in a bit of a rut.
But why?

Home phone developments

One of the main reasons why mobile telephony has made such leaps forward is because of the backbone of technology that the format relies upon. While mobile signal is flexible and adaptable, pretty much all home telephony is reliant on analogue phone technology – a pair of copper cables – to connect your home analogue exchange line to.
With all home phones relying on an analogue input source, there have only been a limited number of progressions that have been able to be made in your home.

Size

Since the invention of the first home telephone, phones have thankfully gotten smaller. Forget large wooden box style phones with rotary dials and separate ear and mouth pieces. Phones have been consistently improving in terms of size and dialling input.

Number Input

Digital buttons was a massive step forward for the home phone, no longer waiting for the rotary dial to wind backwards from 9 before being able to input another number, digital buttons allow quicker dialling.

Cordless

Mobility has always been an issue with home phones. Many a phone conversation has been held in the hallway over the years as this was the only area of the house where the phone line was connected. Nowadays, cordless phones mean we can have a dock where the phone line enters the home, but the phone handset uses local radio technology to carry the line to a mobile handset within the confines of the home.
The introduction of this mobility has been the single greatest progression in home telephony in recent years.

The future

With the progression of fibre technology in place of analogue copper broadband lines, soon we can expect many of our home phones to share the same fibre based data link as our internet connection, rendering our copper pair wires useless. With IP based telephony, home phones can use wireless data connected phone handsets over an internet connection to both improve mobility and reduce costs.

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